IMPACT OF CARNATIC MUSIC THERAPY INTERVENTION ON A PATIENT WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA – A CASE REPORT

  • Dr. Meenakshi Ravi Founder Director, Meera Center for Music Therapy Education and Research (Manollasini Trust), Kathiraguppa, Bsk 3rd Stage, Bangalore, India
  • Ruma Chakravarty Consultant, Meera Center for Music Therapy Education and Research (Manollasini Trust), Kathiraguppa, Bsk 3rd Stage, Bangalore, India
    ruma@factorize.in

Abstract

Schizophrenia is a chronic mental condition that brings many challenges along it. The condition hampers the thinking, learning, perceptions, behavior, daily activities, and performances of a person immensely. Schizophrenia has a lower prevalence (0.4%) than many other mental disorders in India, and worldwide it affects 20 million people. Management of symptoms of schizophrenia with Carnatic music therapy intervention is gaining significant scientific attention. The case report reveals that Carnatic music, a genre of Indian music proved to be beneficial for improving diverse symptoms of a patient associated with the disorder. We present here a case of 20 years old woman diagnosed with schizophrenia showing behavioral issues, hallucination, irritability, the incoherence of thoughts, etc. The patient was on Ayurvedic medicine however she was not showing much improvement. On the advice of the Ayurved, her parents consulted a Carnatic Music Therapist for exploring whether music therapy could have natural healing effects on the challenges. It is the first reported case of a long-term study conducted with vocal Carnatic music intervention on any patient with schizophrenia that describes the management/ improvement of the symptoms of the reported patient to the extent that she leads a near-normal life. The study was conducted for eight years in a non-clinical setup. This study offers feasibility that long-term Carnatic music therapy intervention may help improve the disorder-specific symptoms and rehabilitate the individuals with schizophrenia in order for them to lead a superior and inclusive life.

Keywords: Carnatic music therapy, Schizophrenia, Indian music therapy, Indian raga therapy

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Dr. Meenakshi Ravi, Founder Director, Meera Center for Music Therapy Education and Research (Manollasini Trust), Kathiraguppa, Bsk 3rd Stage, Bangalore, India

Founder Director, Nadamaya Center for Music Education, Hyderabad, India

Ruma Chakravarty, Consultant, Meera Center for Music Therapy Education and Research (Manollasini Trust), Kathiraguppa, Bsk 3rd Stage, Bangalore, India

PhD Research Scholar, Rayat-Bahra University, Mohali, Punjab, India

References

Gururaj G, Varghese M, Benegal V, Rao GN, Pathak K, Singh LK, NMHS collaborators group et al. National Mental Health Survey of India, 2015-16: Summary. Bengaluru, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, NIMHANS Publication No. 128, 2016.

https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/schizophrenia, Geneva Switzerland: World Health Organization;[updated 2019 October 4]. Available from: https://www.who.int.

Ahuja S, Gupta RK, Damodharan D, et al. Effect of music listening on P300 event-related potential in patients with schizophrenia: A pilot study. Schizophr Res. 2020;216:85-96, doi:10.1016/j.schres.2019.12.026; https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31924375/.

Ruma Chakravarty: Designing and Administering Music Therapy (Non-Hospital Setup). In Music Therapy with Indian Music (Essentials & Sources) – Volume 1, 1st ed. Chennai: Notion Press Publishing; 2019. P. 184-185.

Mercedes Pavlicevic, Colwyn Trevarthen, Janice Duncan,Improvisational Music Therapy and the Rehabilitation of Persons Suffering from Chronic Schizophrenia, Journal of Music Therapy, Volume 31, Issue 2, Summer 1994, Pages 86–104, https://doi.org/10.1093/jmt/31.2.86.

Mercédès Pavlicevic: The Music Interaction Rating Scale (Schizophrenia) (MIR(S)) Microanalysis of Co-improvisation in Music Therapy with Adults Suffering from Chronic Schizophrenia. In Microanalysis in Music Therapy, 1st ed. Great Britain: Athenaeum Press, Gateshead, Tyne, and Wear; 2007. P. 174-185

Geretsegger M, Mössler KA, Bieleninik Ł, Chen XJ, Heldal TO, Gold C., Music therapy for people with schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like disorders. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017;5(5):CD004025. Published 2017 May 29. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004025.pub4; https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28553702/.

Kwon M, Gang M, Oh K, Effect of the Group Music Therapy on Brain Wave, Behavior, and Cognitive Function among Patients with Chronic Schizophrenia. Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci). 2013;7(4):168-174. doi:10.1016/j.anr.2013.09.005; https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25030341/.
Published
07/05/2021
Statistics
260 Views | 275 Downloads
Citatons
How to Cite
Dr. Meenakshi Ravi, and Ruma Chakravarty. “IMPACT OF CARNATIC MUSIC THERAPY INTERVENTION ON A PATIENT WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA – A CASE REPORT”. International Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, May 2021, pp. 33-39, https://www.saap.org.in/journals/index.php/ijacm/article/view/156.
Section
Case Study