Cord blood banking: a review
Umbilical cord banking is the process of collecting and storing blood for future use. Cord blood contains hematopoietic stem cells which have ability to renew and regrow into any cell in the body. Cord blood is used to treat immune system genetic disorders, cancers and blood disorders. Cord blood contains less amount of stem cells but adults need higher amount of stem cells for transplantation. Public should be educated regarding the usage of cord blood .Health professionals should bring awareness regarding the cord blood donation for parents. People who undergone cord blood transplantation shows relapse of primary diseases and onset of rare genetic disorders. Public cord blood banks accept donations and to be used for anyone in need. Private cord blood banks store cord blood solely for potential use by the donor or donor’s family. Public banks charge fee for retrieving stem cells. Private cord blood banks charges fee for collection, processing and annual fee to maintain the specimen. Public banks are widely accepted by the medical community as they follow FDA regulations when compared to private cord blood banks.
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