Synthesis, characterization and anti-bacterial activity of novel schiff bases of pyridin-3 yl-carbohydrazide derivatives
Heterocyclic compounds are cyclic compounds containing carbon and other heteroatoms. The most common heteroatoms are oxygen, nitrogen, and Sulphur. A heterocyclic compound is a cyclic compound that has atoms at least two different elements as members of its ring. A Schiff base (azomethine) is named after its inventor, Hugo Schiff and it is a functional group that contains a carbon-nitrogen double bond with the nitrogen atom connected to an aryl or alkyl group but not hydrogen. Schiff bases of Pyridin-3 yl-carbohydrazide derivatives from ethyl nicotinate and different aromatic aldehydes. Schiff’s bases are aromatic substituted imine compounds. These compounds are very important in the medicinal and pharmaceutical fields because of their wide spectrum of biological activity. Schiff’s bases show antibacterial activity, antifungal activity, and also antitumor activity. Aromatic aldehydes were refluxed with ethyl nicotinate using ethanol as a solvent to form Schiff's bases. All chemicals are taken in equimolar concentrations. The synthesized compounds were characterized by melting point, solubility, percentage yield, TLC, and IR spectral analysis. All derivatives are evaluated for anti-bacterial activity by the cup plate method. The antibacterial activity of test compounds was compared against standard Streptomycin. The 5 synthesized compounds show moderate antimicrobial activity. The experimental work summarizes the synthesis and in-vitro antibacterial activity of Schiff base derivatives.
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